International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology

International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology

International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology

2018, Vol. 2 Issue 2, Part APages: 21-23

Evaluation of iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy-A clinical study

Jyoti Rana
Viewed: 436  -  Downloaded: 164
ABSTRACT
Background: Anemia is the most common nutritional deficiency disorder in the world. The prevalence of anemia in pregnancy varies considerably because of differences in socioeconomic conditions, lifestyles and health seeking behaviors across different cultures. The present study was conducted to assess the hemoglobin level in pregnancy. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 280 pregnant women in age range from 18 to 48 years. Estimation of Hb level was done by cyanmethaemoglobin method and on the basis of the hemoglobin concentration, anemia was classified into three degrees: mild degrees (9.0-10.9 gm %), moderate degree (7.0-8.9 gm %) and severe degree (<7 gm %). Results: Age group 18-28 years had mild (80), moderate (15) and severe (2) anemia, 28-38 years had mild (107), moderate (20) and severe (5) anemia and age group 38-48 years had mild (30), moderate (18) and severe (3) anemia. The difference was significant (P<0.05). 1st trimester had 60 cases, 2nd had 125 cases and 3rd had 95 cases. The difference was significant (P<0.05). Patients had lower (160), middle (70) and upper (50) socio-economic status. The difference was significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: Anemia is quite common in pregnancy. Common cause is excessive bleeding through menstrual in females. During pregnancy, efforts should be made towards early diagnosis and treatment of all anemic pregnant women before delivery