Infertility is a complex disorder with significant medical, psychological and economic problems. HSG is a commonly used investigation for evaluation of female genital of tract and the main indication for HSG is infertility.
Aims and objectives: The aim of the study is to evaluate the structural abnormalities of the uterus and tubes in infertility women as elucidated by HSG.
Material and methods: The present study was carried out at Mahaveer Hospital Indore from July 2017 to July 2018 on 90 patients. The biodata and indication for investigation and the HSG findings were obtained. The HSG films were processed on CR system and analyzed with the help of different modalities on computer software including magnification and window setting. Documentation was made and the findings were analyzed.
Results: Majority of patients had primary infertility (57.7%). Most of the patients were in age group of 25 to 30 years (47.7%). 32 patients had abnormal findings in right fallopian tube. Most common abnormality was cornual block (14%).37 patients had abnormal findings in left fallopian tube. Most common abnormality was cornual block (14%).Uterine abnormalities that were detected were filling defect 4 (4.4%), Tshape uterus 4 (4.4%), Arcuate/ Bicornuate uterus 5 (5.5%), Small Infantile uterus 1 (1.1%), Right unicornuate uterus 1 (1.1%), Irregular uterine cavity (Intrauterine adhesions) 1 (1.1%).
Conclusion: HSG is a very effective method to assess tubal status. HSG still plays a significant role in the detection of tubal causes of female infertility.