The vagina could be infected by a variety of pathogens including bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites. The present study was conducted to record the causes of vaginal infection in females.
Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 460 pregnant women with suspicion of symptomatic and asymptomatic vaginal infections. Vaginal and cervical swabs samples were obtained from each subject and processed immediately for possible isolation and identification of pathogenic microorganisms.
Results: Out of 460 patients, 328 (71.3%) found to be positive for vaginal infections. Age group 17- 25 years had 12% of cases, 26- 34 years had 65%, 35- 42 years had 18% and >42 years had 5% of cases. Common microorganisms were Chlamydia trachomatis (32%), Candida albicans (27%), Mycoplasma hominis (12%), Gardnerella vaginalis (10%), Staphylococcus aureus (6%), Trichomonas vaginalis (5%), Neisseria gonorrhea (3%), E. coli (2%) and vibrio Mobiluncus (3%).
Conclusion: Vaginal infections are quite common in pregnant women. The most common are Chlamydia trachomatis, Candida albicans, Mycoplasma hominis, Gardnerella vaginalis. Routine vaginal and cervical swab sample cultures should be performed on all pregnant women to avoid developing infections.