Carcinoma ovary is one of the gynaecological malignancy affecting women of all age groups, having significant morbidity and mortality. One of the main disadvantages in carcinoma ovary is the absence of a well-defined screening test and inaccessibility of the ovary to clinical examination. Most of the cases of carcinoma ovary are reported in advanced stages with abdominal distension, and rarely pain abdomen. CA ovary is treated primarily by surgery and chemotherapy.
Objective: A retrospective study is performed on patients diagnosed with carcinoma ovary who underwent surgery and chemotherapy in AJIMS&RC, which is a tertiary care centre in coastal Karnataka. The clinical symptoms and signs, radiological evaluation and primary mode of treatment was evaluated.
Methods: A total of 56 patients of carcinoma ovary who have undergone primary treatment in AJIMS were included in the study. The complete details of the patient including clinical symptoms and signs, radiological imaging and primary mode of treatment were noted, the results tabulated, and a complete analysis done.
Results: Our study shows that 50 to 60 years was the most common age group in which carcinoma ovary was detected with pain abdomen as the common symptom of presentation. Most of the cases were reported in advanced stages and received surgery and neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Most common histopathological diagnosis was epithelial serous cell carcinoma.
Conclusion: The ovarian cancer is a type of genital cancer where surgical debulking has a significant role in the prognosis and survival of the patient, but is detected late in view of nonspecific symptoms and not having specific screening protocols.