Endometrium is capable of marked hyperplasia as a response to stimulus of prolonged and unopposed oestrogen. The present study was conducted to assess endometrial hyperplasia in females.
Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 45 females with history of menorrhagia. General information such as name, age, drug history of estrogen etc. was recorded. Per rectum examination was done in all patients. In all patients, transvaginal ultrasound (TVS) was doneto seeendometrial thickness and ovarian enlargement. After curettage, histopathology of the specimens was done.
Results: Age group 40-45 years had 22 patients, 45-50 had 14, 50-55 had 8 and 55-60 years had 6 patients. The difference was significant (P- 0.01). Type of hyperplasia was cystic hyperplasia (28), adenomatous hyperplasia (10) and atypical hyperplasia (7). The difference was significant (P- 0.05). Endometrial thickness on transvaginal ultrasound (TVS) was 5-6 mm seen in 7 cases, 7-8 mm seen in 12 cases and >10 mm seen in 26 cases. The difference was significant (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Author concluded that endometrial hyperplasia was most commonly seen in age group 40- 45 years. Most common type of hyperplasia was cystic hyperplasia.