The aim of the study was to find out relationship of maternal BMI to pregnancy outcome.
Methodology: The study carried out in Srinivas Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre and Mangalore Fetal Medicine Centre, from Nov 2016 to Oct 2017 and pregnancy outcomes were analyzed in relation BMI recorded in first trimester of primigravida.
Results: Mean age of pregnant women was 26.2 years. At first booking obese women were significantly older (28.0 years) than others. Family history of diabetes was significantly higher among obese women (8.25%) compared to others. Rates of cesarean sections were higher in obese compared to others. The macrosomia rates were higher in obese compared to other group. The preeclampsia (1.89%), were significantly higher in obese women than others.
Conclusions: Obese women were at a high risk of developing adverse pregnancy outcomes in terms of gestational diabetes, macrosomia, preeclampsia more of ceasarean section. Normal weight women have low risk for cesarean section and macrosomia. These results highlight the need for preconception counseling, especially for obese and overweight and have beneficial outcomes in Asian Indian women.