To assess the knowledge, attitude, practice and preferences on contraceptive methods among the HIV positive females, to determine the association between knowledge and attitude on contraceptive methods with the variables.
Materials and methods: A Descriptive survey of 200 HIV positive females between 18- 45 year of age were done using a structured knowledge questionnaire, structured attitude scale and opinionnaire on practice and preference during the month of January 2016 to June 2016 at RIMS, Raichur district, Karnataka.
Results: It was shown that 44% were of 31-40 years of age, 96% were Hindus, only 8% had higher secondary education, 55% were house wives, 37% had family monthly income below 7500 rupees, 94% were aware about contraceptive methods and the major source of information was through ASHA/ANM. 46% of patients knew of more than one contraceptive method.24% used condom and only 7% used cu-t as contraceptive measures. 89% were married, 3% were divorcee and 8% were widower. There was significant association between age and knowledge about contraception (p=0.0485). There was highly significant association between education (p=0.0006), income (p=0.0001), occupation (p=0.0001) against the use of methods of contraception. There was highly significant association between age (p=0.0017), education (p=0.0001), income (p=0.0001) with practice of contraceptive methods.
Conclusion: The study showed that majority of the females had moderate knowledge and favourable attitude.