To study the effectiveness of intracutaneous injection of sterile water over sacrum (Group A) and the effectiveness of intramuscular injection of tramadol (Group B) in relieving low back pain during labour. To compare the effectiveness of pain relief in group A and group B. To subject the results for statistical analysis.
Materials and Methods: This randomized control trial was conducted for a period of 3 years in the Labour room, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rajah Muthiah Medical College and Hospital. A total of 100 primigravida admitted in labour pain were randomly divided into two groups alternatively with 50 patients in each group. Group A were treated with Sterile water injection (Study Group) and Group B patients treated with Tramadol Injection.
Results: In this study, the patients were randomly subjected to either one of the injections for pain relief and the degree of pain relief assessed by Visual Analogue Scale were subjected to statistical analysis and compared with each other. The pain score was significantly different at various times of measurement for both the groups. The pain was significantly reduced for both the groups after treatment.
Conclusion: In this study, intracutaneous sterile water injection over sacrum and intramuscular injection of tramadol were both equally effective in relieving low back pain during labour.