Background: Female reproductive malignancies are fairly common, though largely unmanaged in our country. In India lack of awareness, poor socio-economic status of people, poor availability of diagnostic tools mainly contribute towards unattended morbidity of this group, which accounts to huge morbidity and mortality. It is thus important to have a reliable information profile of Female reproductive malignancies to have a better insight into their etiology.
Aims and Objectives: This retrospective study was conducted with the aim to establish the pattern of malignancies of female genital tract and their age wise distribution as seen in our institution of Hadoti region.
Materials and Methods: Our study included all female patients who were diagnosed on histopathology to have malignancy of female reproductive system during the period, Jan 2011 to Dec 2015 & their diagnosis was established on histopathological examination.
Results: In our study, a total of 577 malignancies were diagnosed, with cervical carcinoma being the most common. Out of the 577 cases, cervical carcinoma was present in 446 (77.29%) cases. Ovarian malignancies were 2ndcommonest with 66(11.43%) cases, followed by endometrial carcinoma, 53 (9.18%) cases. Uncommon sites were fallopian tube with 1 (0.17%) case, vaginal and vulvar cancers with 8(1.38%) cases & gestational trophoblastic tumors, 3 (0.51%) cases. Overall, most common age group affected was between 50-59 years with 176 (30.50%) cases & least common age group affected was less than 30 years with 22 (3.80%) cases. Among the cervical carcinoma, most common tumor was squamous cell carcinoma (71.75%) followed by adenocarcinoma (3.98%). Most common age group of presentation of cervical carcinoma was 41-50 years of age. Among the ovarian carcinoma, epithelial tumors were the most common with 34(51.51%) cases. Among the endometrial carcinoma, endometrioid tumors were the most common tumors.
Conclusion: Cervical carcinoma was the most common tumor in our study which correlates well with various studies conducted worldwide. However most common age group of presentation being 50-59 yrs which reflects the lack of awareness about screening programmes conducted in this area. Frequency of ovarian carcinoma was higher in our study as compared to other studies which requires further evaluation of risk factors and early diagnostic tools.