IDA is the most frequent nutritional deficiency in pregnancy, with an impact on maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The objective of the present study was to determine the relationship between the iron status of pregnant women and their newborns using a combination of several hematological and biochemical parameters for the diagnosis of iron deficiency.
Method: Venous sample of 80 mothers and cord blood was taken in 2 vials- one in EDTA and the other in plain for CBC and serum haematological parameters respectively.
The following investigations of both the mother and the newborn were obtained and analysed.
2. Serum Ferritin
3. Serum Iron
4. Serum TIBC
Result and Conclusion: Median hemoglobin and ferritin concentrations were significantly lower in newborns Delivered from IDA mothers compared to non-anemic mothers. Additionally newborns Haemoglobin and ferritin concentration had a significant correlation with hemoglobin and ferritin concentration of the mothers.