Background: The major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality is preterm birth due to: preterm premature rupture of membrane (PPROM), preterm labour, and early delivery resulting from medical intervention. PPROM is defined as a rupture of the amniotic membranes before 37 weeks’ gestation and before the onset of labour, while extreme PPROM occurs before 26 weeks’ gestation. PPROM is a serious condition leading to approximately one-third of preterm births and it complicates about 3% of pregnancies .
Advances in Knowledge: Few studies have looked at preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) or possible outcomes for mothers and fetuses. This complication carries a significant morbidity and mortality rate and affects the perinatal outcome.
Application to Patient Care: The results of this study will help in increasing awareness of PPROM for both the obstetricians and neonatologists and encourage close follow-up, proper management and counselling for this high risk group.
Aim: To study perinatal outcome in preterm premature rupture of membrane and their associated risk factors.
Methods: A retrospective cohort study with a sample size of 100 consecutive pregnant women was conducted from January 2018 to December 2018. All the participants were women who presented with PPROM.
Discussion: PPROM was more common in age group of less than 25 years with a incidence of 58%. Ina study by Noor et al in Ayub medical college in 2006 demonstrated that (58.8%) higher incidence among younger age group.
Conclusion: PPROM was more common in younger age group. PPROM was not associated with previous history, booking status or previous abortion. Majority of neonatal morbidity was due to RDS In present study RDS was common in early preterm group
In current study most of patients delivered vaginally compared to 36% of LSCS.