The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the prevalence of anaemia in a pregnant women and to observe the maternal and perinatal outcomes in patients who were anaemic.
Aims and objectives: To find out prevalence of anaemia and to find out the relationship between maternal and perinatal outcomes among women who are anaemic.
Materials and Methods: This study was done among pregnant women attending antenatal opd at sree mookambika institute of medical sciences, kulasekharam. Blood samples for haemoglobin estimation was taken and classified accordingly as mild, moderate and severe anaemia. Outcome was measured in terms of preterm deliveries, mode of delivery and NICU admissions.
Results: Out of 47 antenatal mothers who were anaemic, 14.9% of antenatal mothers contributes to anaemia in the first trimester, 53.2% in second trimester, 31.9% were diagnosed in 3rd trimester. Prematurity and low birth weight was seen among 29 babies born to antenatal mothers which is about 61.7%,out of 47 antenatal mothers, 24 antenatal mothers underwent LSCS, 23 of them had normal vaginal delivery. prematurity and low birth weight are common in anaemia complicating pregnancy.
Conclusion: Anaemia is one of the most common nutritional deficiencies affecting the pregnant women in developing countries. Anaemia during pregnancy is commonly associated with poor pregnancy outcome and can result in complications that threaten the life of both mother and fetus. Hence it is recommended that primary health care has to be strengthened. Prevention, early diagnosis and treatment of anaemia in pregnancy has to be given priority to reduce the fetomaternal morbidity.