Prophylactic approaches are essential for reducing blood loss and preventing postpartum hemorrhage in all women during delivery. A different method for accelerating uterine emptying is placental cord blood drainage.
Aims and objectives: To assess the effectiveness of placental cord blood drainage during active management of the third stage of labor in reducing the duration and blood loss in the third stage of labor.
Methodology: Prospective observational study. Women were recruited randomly into two groups. Following the delivery of the baby, in addition to active management of the third stage of labor, women in group A- the maternal side of the placental cord blood was drained to a bowl till the flow ceases following the delivery of the baby. In Group B the placental cord blood was not drained.
Results: The average duration of the third stage of labor was 4.90 ± 1.01 minutes in the study group and 7.23 ± 1.33 minutes in the control group. The average third stage blood loss was 203.4 ± 97.27 ml in the study group and 288.6 ± 111.66 mL in the control group.
Conclusion:Placental cord blood drainage during the third stage of labor can shorten the third stage duration and reduce the blood loss among women with vaginal deliveries.