Background: National Family Health Survey (NFHS) - 3 revealed that 16% of women, aged 15-19 years, have already started childbearing of them urban were 8.7% and rural were 19.1%. Teenage pregnancy is of serious concern because maternal age plays a significant role in adverse outcome and complication of pregnancy. The study was done to fine out incidence and analyze the maternal, foetal outcome in adolescent pregnancy.
Method: The study was conducted at M. G. M. Medical College and M Y Hospital from July 2018 to July 2019. All cases of teenage pregnancy who delivered during study period were analyzed for age distribution, mode of delivery, indications for caesarean section, complication and neonatal weight.
Result: Total 996 girls under the age of 20 yr were admitted. 89.1% were 19 yr old, 7.2% of age 18 yrs, 2.4% of 16-17 yr age group, 1.2% were <or= 15 yr. Out of which 672 pt delivered-8.9% had preterm delivery, 73% had full term vaginal delivery, 10.7% underwent LSCS, 4.8% had abortion. Majority of caesarian sections were done for cephalopelvic disproportion (52%), followed by fetal distress (24%). 54% of delivered babies were having weight between 2 and 2.5 kg and 13% had weight <2 kg.14.4% pt were found anaemic, 21.6% were preterm, 10.2% had PIH and 12.4% developed PPH.
Conclusion: In teenage pregnancy risk of anaemia, PIH, preterm pain was high. So we should aim to reduce the incidence of teenage pregnancy, not only to minimize the adverse outcomes on young mothers but also to limit family size by providing adolescent friendly health services.