International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology
2019, Vol. 3, Issue 5, Part E
A case report on OHVIRA syndrome managed in Goa medical college
Author(s): Suyash Mandurkar and Guruprasad Pednekar
Abstract: Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome is an unusual congenital anomaly of the female genitourinary system, which is described as uterine didelphys with Obstructed Hemi-vagina and Ipsilateral Renal Anomaly (OHIRA), also known as OHVIRA syndrome. Mullerian duct anomalies have an incidence of 2–3%. While OHVIRA constitutes 0.16–10% of these Mullerian duct anomalies. Symptoms usually present shortly after menarche when hematocolpos develops during menstruation resulting in dysmenorrhea and a pelvic mass. The pelvic mass is the collection of blood products within the obstructed hemivagina. The first study in the diagnostic work-up is usually ultrasonography, which typically demonstrates a pelvic fluid collection which can simulate other disease processes thus confounding the diagnosis. MRI findings of the pelvis reveal a didelphis uterus. Imaging of the abdomen reveals agenesis of the ipsilateral kidney. MRI is beneficial in characterizing the didelphys uterus and vaginal septum for pre-operative planning.