Anaemia in pregnancy is one of the most common public health issues in developing countries, affecting approximately 60% of pregnant woman worldwide. Severe anemia in pregnant women is associated with an elevated risk of maternal and perinatal mortality. The present study aimed at determining the impact of severe anaemia during pregnancy on neonatal outcomes in a tertiary care hospital.
Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted at tertiary care teaching hospital over a period of six months. A simple random sampling technique was used. All women admitted for delivery and having a haemoglobin level less than 7 gm % were included in the study. Control subjects were selected from the every second woman admitted for delivery and having matching criteria age, parity, and period of gestation and whose haemoglobin level is more than 11 gm %.Neonatal outcomes were analysed.
Results: A total of 188 participants (94 study and 94 control) were included in the study. All the participants were categorized into two groups based on haemoglobin levels. It is evident that the incidence of low birth weight babies were more (42.55%) in the severely anemic group and very minimal in controls. complications in study group and control group. Preterm birth was observed commonly in study participants and accounted for 18.09%. In our study second common complication was ENND (7.4%).
Conclusion: Low birth weight and pre term birth was found to be high in our study participants as compared to controls. Severe anemia in pregnancy may have adverse effects for the newborn and should be treated or prevented early in pregnancy.