To evaluate various laparoscopic methods for management of tubal ectopic pregnancy and study the incidence of ectopic pregnancy including the incidence of cornual ectopic pregnancy and conversion to laparotomy during laparoscopic procedure.
Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in Pushpawati Singhania Research Institute, New Delhi on all laparoscopies conducted in 2 years, i.e., from May 2016 to May 2018.
Results: Incidence of ectopic pregnancy was 4.62% (out of all laparoscopic surgeries over 2 years) and that for cornual pregnancy was 4.65% (out of all ectopic pregnancies); no laparotomy was done for the management of ectopic pregnancy. The site of ectopic pregnancy in the tubal pregnancy varied, with 76.75% in the ampullary region, 16.27% isthmic, 2.33% fimbrial, and 4.65% in the cornual region. Salpingectomy was done in 53.5% cases and 46.5% of patients underwent a conservative approach in the form of salpingostomy.
Conclusion: The laparoscopic management of ectopic pregnancy is a safe and effective option with greatly reduced morbidity.