International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology
2020, Vol. 4, Issue 2, Part A
Association of hypomagnesemia in pre-eclampsia and preterm labor
Author(s): Dr. A MangalaGeetha
Abstract: Pregnancy poses to be a rebirth to a mother especially when associated with antenatal complications. Gestational complications like preeclampsia and preterm labor are still ridicule even to the modern-day obstetricians. Certain minerals have been found to be deficient in conditions like Anemia, Pre-eclampsia, Congenital anomalies and Pre-term labor. Vastly studied among them are Iron, Zinc, Magnesium, Calcium, Chromium and Selenium. Though many theories and etiologies have been put forth as to their causation, still the exact inciting factor is yet to be determined. If a disease has many theories it can be presumed the definitive etiology is yet to be identified. One among the several causative factors evaluated is Trace mineral deficiency like Magnesium, Zinc and Chromium. This study was conducted to determine the presence of Magnesium deficiency in women with Pre-eclampsia and Pre-term labor. Magnesium level was assessed in known cases of Preeclampsia and Preterm labor and was compared with controls matched by age Body mass index and gestational age. It was found that there was an association of Hypomagnesaemia in both the conditions as compared with normal controls and can be concluded that substitution of Magnesium along with Calcium would help in prevention of these complications and lead to reduced maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality.