Caesarean section is the most commonly performed major surgery among women. The aims and objective of this study was to know the incidence of primary Caesarean section in multigravidas, its indications and to know the maternal and foetal outcome among these patients.
Methodology: This was an observational study conducted at District hospital Dharwad recognized DNB course. Aim of the study was to study the indication, maternal and fetal outcome in primary cesarean in multiparous women. All multiparous women admitted for delivery were included in the study
Results: The total number of deliveries were 3064 and cesarean section were 1026(33%).The total number of primary cesarean section in multiparous women were 84 constituting 2.7%.In this study, majority of women were Gravida2. 91.6% of the cases were underwent emergency cesarean section and anesthesia was spinal. Majority of patients were between age group of 22 to 27 yrs (70%).
Indications for cesarean section in our study were severe oligohydroamnios (22%), fetal distress (15.4%), and breech presentation (14%), premature rupture of membrane (12%).Intra operative findings were meconium stained liquor, post partum hemorrhage, thinned out lower segment and extension of incision.
Out of 84 cases, 48 cases needed intra operative or immediate post operative blood transfusion. The post operative morbidity was present in 6 cases i.e paralytic ileus, puerperal fever, urinary tract infection and wound gaping.
Majority of babies, weighed in the range of 2-3kgs (55%).Out of 84 cases 7 were causes were placenta previa, obstructed labor and fetal distress.
Conclusion: Many unforeseen complications occur in women who previously had a normal vaginal delivery. It is recommended that all antenatal patients must be booked and receive proper and regular antenatal care. Also 100% deliveries in multigravida should be institutional deliveries in order to reduce maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality.