Placental abruption refers to partial or complete separation of the placenta prior to delivery of the fetus.
Methods: It was a retrospective study carried out between March 2019 and March 2020 at SMGS Hospital Jammu in which case records of all cases of abruption were analyzed.
Results: Incidence of Abruptio placenta in our study was 2.33. It was most common in the women of age group 20-25yrs. 45.9% of cases were associated hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. Live births were 68.9% while stillbirths were 31.1%. PPH occurred in 20.2% of cases. DIC accounts for 15% of the maternal complications. Birth asphyxia, hyperbilirubinemia and neonatal sepsis were commonest complications in our study.
Conclusion: Abruptio placentae is associated with poor maternal and fetal outcome. Hence early diagnosis and prompt resuscitative measures would prevent both perinatal and maternal mortality and morbidity.