Abstract: Back ground:
Tribals constitute 1.5% of the total population of Kerala. They live in a deprived condition and are vulnerable to numerous health problems. Eventhough the health indices of Kerala are comparable to many of the developed countries, the condition of tribals are still unsatisfactory. Aim of the study is to identify the maternal complication among tribal women and to analyse the fetomaternal outcome.
Methods: This is a retrospective cross sectional study conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Government Medical College, Kozhikode during the period 1stJanuary to 31st December 2019.Tribal women admitted with maternal complications were identified from the hospital records and analyzed in detail.
Results: 210 patients were included in the study. 93.8% women had received effective antenatal care. Common complications were preterm labour(50.73%), hypertensive disorders (28.57%), anemia (29.5%) and IUGR(29.5%). The average birth weight of the newborn was 2.23 kg.
Eventhough majority of the tribal women gets effective antenatal care, prevalence of maternal complications like hypertensive disorders, anaemia, preterm labour and intrauterine growth restriction are more prevalent among them.