International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology
2020, Vol. 4, Issue 5, Part A
Prevalence of pregnancy induced hypertension in our hospital
Author(s): Dr. Rajanna SP and Dr. Dharmavijay MN
Abstract: Hypertension is one of the common problems associated with pregnancy that may be followed by eclampsia, acute renal failure, maternal death, premature delivery, intra-uterine growth restriction and other. This study was conducted to determine the frequency and distribution of different types of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in patient attending Gynaecology and Obstetrics Department. The study was conducted over a period of one year in Gynaecology and Obstetrics Department, mvj medical college and research hospital. Diagnosed patients as hypertensive disorder of pregnancy were evaluated and data were collected. Total 2000 pregnant women visited the OBG department, out of which 200 patients were diagnosed with hypertension. The overall prevalence of pregnancy induced hypertension was 9.2%. The mean maternal age was 24 years during the hospital admission. The percentage of gestational hypertension, Preeclampsia-eclampsia, Preeclampsia superimposed on chronic hypertension and chronic hypertension were 48.97%, 19.07%, 18.04%, and 13.92% respectively. Highest incidence of hypertension was occurred in age group of 23-27 years (35.57%) and primigravidae patients (55.67%). Our study concluded that the incidence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy was high. Early diagnosis and treatment through regular antenatal check-up is a key factor to prevent hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and its complications.