Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of deaths among women worldwide, more so in developing countries like India. It is responsible for approximately 17% of deaths due to cancer in the 30-69 year age group. It is estimated that India contributes to one quarter of all cancer cases in world 1-2. Cervical cancer screening leads to significant reduction in mortality in women by early detection and treatment.
Aim and Objectives
1. To study the utilization pattern of various cervical cancer screening methods in patients attending Obstetrics & Gynecology OPD.
2. To study the socio demographic profile and various outcomes of cervical cancer screening in patients attending Obstetrics & Gynecology OPD.
Methodology: It was a record based retrospective study. Record of patients who underwent cervical cancer screening in Gynecology OPD from February 2017 to February 2018 was analyzed extensively. The data was entered in Microsoft Excel sheet and database created, appropriate statistical tests were applied and results were studied.
Results: A total of 1678 patients underwent cervical cancer screening during the study period for various indications. It was found that the majority of patients (n=1104) underwent liquid based cytology and conventional Pap smear was performed in the remaining study population (n=574). In the majority of patients (i.e. 52.5%), the Pap smear report was found out to be ‘Reactive smear’ and Squamous cell carcinoma was also reported in three patients.
Conclusion: Pap smear and liquid based cytology are important screening modality which significantly reduces the burden of cancer cervix cases by early identification and management.