The aim of this study is to know the association between the meconium stained amniotic fluid and fetal outcome.
Objective: To evaluate the fetal outcome in case of meconium stained amniotic fluid.
Material and methods: This is a prospective observational study which is conducted at Jawahar medical foundations ACPM medical College, obstetric and gynaecology department from February 2020 to July 2020.Total 501 cases selected singleton pregnancy with cephalic presentation above 37 weeks of gestation are included in this study after taking detailed history and doing complete examination. Out of these patients 151 were having meconium stained amniotic liquor rest of them were having clear liquor. Around 39% cases out of 151 patient were registered at ACPM medical college or somewhere Rest of 61% of patient were unregistered.
Result: Out of 151 patients, primigravida patients comprises of 55%. Patients with advanced gestational age more than 40 weeks in 55% of patient. Hypertension having more chances of meconium stained liquor than the control cases. Neonatal outcome was poor in terms of low Apgar score at birth, birth asphyxia, Meconium Aspiration Syndrome (MAS) and increased neonatal admission among cases.
Conclusions: Both obstetrician and pediatrician is facing problems because of meconium stained liquor which causes increase rate of cesarean section, birth asphyxia, meconium aspiration syndrome and NICU admission.