Previous studies indicate that new-borns delivered by elective caesarean section are more prone to respiratory morbidity after birth.
Objective: To find out whether the mode of delivery is associated with the neonatal respiratory outcomes.
Methods: In this observational study, following three groups of pregnant women (30 in each group) were included a) normal vaginal delivery b) elective LSCS and c) emergency LSCS. Respiratory morbidity (Tachypnoea, chest retraction, grunting, and nasal flaring) and APGAR scores were compared between three groups.
Results: Respiratory morbidity was higher in elective and emergency LSCS groups compared to normal vaginal delivery group. However, the differences were not statistically significant. APGAR scores at 1 and 5 minutes were similar in three groups. NICU admissions were higher in elective caesarean groups as compared to the other two groups.
Conclusion: Higher incidence of respiratory distress syndrome was noted in babies born to mothers who have undergone elective caesarean section.