Hypertensive disorder of pregnancy is one of the major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Early detection of the disease is very important, so as to reduce the adverse effects caused by it. Hypertriglyceridemia is seen before the onset of the hypertension, and therefore it can be used as a predictor of PIH. The purpose of this study is to evaluate
. The association of early pregnancy triglyceride level with pre eclampsia
. Its association with the severity of the disease
Materials and Methods: A prospective follow up study was carried out in the obstetric department in Bapuji Hospital, WCH hospital and CG hospital attached to JJM medical college, Davanagere between November 2018 to May 2020
Results: Out of 201 cases, 124 cases had triglyceride level between 150- 200 mg/dl. Out of 124 cases, 11 cases developed GHTN and 4 cases developed non-severe PE. 53 cases had triglyceride level between 201-300 mg/dl. Out of 53 cases, 9 cases developed GHTN, 24 cases developed non-sever PE, 16 cases developed sever PE. 20 cases had serum triglyceride level between 301-400 mg/dl. Out of 20 cases, 18 developed severe PE and 2 cases developed non-severe PE. 4 cases had serum triglyceride level more than 400, out of which 3 developed severe PE and 1case developed non-severe PE.
Conclusion: PE is associated with increased risk of Maternal and Perinatal morbidity and mortality. In the present study, increased triglyceride level was found in early pregnancy of women who develop hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Serum triglyceride level in early pregnancy can be used as a prediction of PE.