Background: Placenta previa is a disorder which occurs during pregnancy that is characterized by the presence of placental tissue close to or covering the cervix increasing the risk of antepartum, intrapartum and postpartum hemorrhage. Rapid significant loss of intravascular volume can lead to hemodynamic instability, decreased oxygen delivery, decreased tissue perfusion, cellular hypoxia, organ damage and death. Infants born to such patients are also at risk of premature deliveries and increased perinatal mortality.
Method: This prospective randomized clinical study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Muzaffarnagar Medical College, Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh the period 2018-2020 after considering the inclusion and exclusion criterias.
Result: Primigravida were more affected than multigravia. Majority patients underwent Emergency LSCS than Elective one. PPH, Pre-operative and Post-operative anaemia and Adherent placenta was significantly more among Emergency LSCS. NICU admission was significantly more among Emergency LSCS.
Conclusion: The current study suggested that there is an association between advancing age, previous caesarean section and abortion as the risk factors for placenta previa. Placenta previa as noted from the study was seen to be associated with increased risk of maternal complications like PPH and neonatal complications including prematurity and low birth weight.