International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology
2021, Vol. 5, Issue 2, Part D
Hatching: Potential area for research in the embryos
Author(s): Dr. Urvashi Bhatara and Dr. Bhojaraja MH
Abstract: Till now, process of hatching was not studied extensively. But now, this process is being analysed extensively using metabolomics, proteomics and time-lapse imaging. It has been observed that hatching depends on various factors such as presence of lysins produced by trophectoderm and uterus, physical expansion of embryonic mass which leads to zona thinning, contraction and expansion of blastocyst leading to breach of zona, elasticity of zona and site of breach in the zona. was a prospective study carried out on frozen-thawed embryos which were exposed to varying concentrations of ammonium chloride. These embryos were randomly divided into 3 groups and were exposed varying concentrations of ammonium chloride (control KSOM (Pottassium Simplex Optimised Medium), KSOM with 38 µM ammonium chloride and KSOM with 75 µM ammonium chloride). thus difference in ammonium chloride concentration did not have significant effect on the change in the size of blastocyst or zona thinning. Percentagea of hatching and fully hatched blastocysts obtained in embryos cultured in different media.