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International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology

International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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Print ISSN: 2522-6614, Online ISSN: 2522-6622

International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology

2021, Vol. 5, Issue 3, Part B

Comparative study of pregnancy- related complications of women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
Author(s): Dr. Namrata Mehta and Dr. S Senthil Priya
Abstract:
Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a multifactorial metabolic condition, characterised by infertility, anovulation, hyperandrogenism and increased risk for many metabolic diseases like Diabetes mellitus.
Materials & Methods: A prospective cohort study of 100 pregnant women (50 women with PCOS and 50 women without PCOS) aged 20-35 years attending the gynaecology outpatient department of VMKV Medical college and hospital was conducted from over a period of 18 months to determine the maternal complications associated with PCOS.
Results: Mean age of the participants is 26.5. The participants with overweight/obesity are 34.0% among the women with PCOS when compared to 26.0% among the women without PCOS (p=0.375). Gestational diabetes is reported in 23.4% women with PCOS as against 14.6% women without PCOS. Women with PCOS are having 2.65 times the higher risk of having pre-eclampsia. Primigravida are having 2.89 times higher chance of presenting with PCOS.
Conclusion: Among the women with PCOS, GDM and pre-eclampsia are the common pregnancy related complications. Obesity is independently associated with GDM, pre-eclampsia and spontaneous abortion.
Pages: 74-79 | 230 Views | 167 Downloads
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How to cite this article:
Dr. Namrata Mehta, Dr. S Senthil Priya. Comparative study of pregnancy- related complications of women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Int J Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2021;5(3):74-79. DOI: 10.33545/gynae.2021.v5.i3b.905
International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology