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International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology

International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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Print ISSN: 2522-6614, Online ISSN: 2522-6622

International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology

2021, Vol. 5, Issue 3, Part F

The relation between vitamin D level, body mass index, and post-menopausal endometrial thickness
Author(s): Dr. Mawaje Malik Manih and Dr. Nawfal Azzo
Abstract: Background: Endometrial thickening is a commonly measured parameter on routine gynecological ultrasound and magnetic resonance image. Recent studies show there is a relation between vitamin D (vit D), obesity and the degree of endometrial thickness.
Aim of the study: To assess the relation between Vit (D) level and body mass index with post-menopausal endometrium thickness.
Patients and Method: A cross sectional study that carried out in Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Baghdad Teaching Hospital from the first of Jan 2020 to the end of Dec 2020. A sample of 100 post-menopausal women participated in the study after fulfilling inclusion criteria (Menopause for 12 months, endometrial thickness ≥5 mm) for each patient we did for her pelvic ultrasound for endometrial thickness, measure Vit (D) level and body mass index. The patients were divided into: - patients who had post-menopausal bleeding we did endometrial biopsy and sent for histopathology depending on the result subdivided into group I with malignant changes and group II without malignant changes and group III = patients without Vaginal bleeding.
Results: Endometrial thickness in group I was (16.15 ± 8.4) for group II was (14.3 ± 7) and for group III with significant difference found (P = 0.02), BMI were represented in group I (37.25 ± 5.15), (30.6 ± 8) for group II and (31.63 ± 7.47) in group III with no significant difference (P = 0.3), on logistic regression between these parameters and (ET) the result was significant with (vit D) with (p value = 0.02).
Conclusion: Vitamin (D) level inversely related for post-menopausal endometrial thickness, post-menopausal bleeding and probability of endometrial cancer.
Pages: 385-389 | 109 Views | 46 Downloads
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How to cite this article:
Dr. Mawaje Malik Manih, Dr. Nawfal Azzo. The relation between vitamin D level, body mass index, and post-menopausal endometrial thickness. Int J Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2021;5(3):385-389. DOI: 10.33545/gynae.2021.v5.i3f.952
International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology