To access the knowledge and attitude of couples towards various methods of contraception Awareness for various methods of contraception is required in order to prevent unintented pregnancy which is one of the major causes of maternal mortality. Awareness and use of modern methods of contraception can avert the no of unintended pregnancy and no of unsafe abortions. The no of unintended pregnancy is currently 10.18 million and no of unintended pregnancy averted by the use of contraceptive is 54 million. No of unsafe abortions averted is 18 million and maternal deaths averted is 23,000. Despite the provision of safe and affordable family planning services, couples are not using any contraception to limit or space their family.
Study Design: This is a Hospital based cross- sectional study done in married women of reproductive age group attending family planning clinic of Dept of obstetrics and Gynaecology from 1st June 2019 to 31st may 2020.
Results: Among the 250 women, 126 (50.4%) had knowledge of various different methods of contraception and 49 (19.6%) women had undergone permanent sterilisation in the past. Majority of women had knowledge of barrier method and emergency contraception but only 60 (24%) had accepted its use. 150 (60%) women had knowledge of intrauterine contraceptive device but only 23 (9.2%) women were willing to use them as long acting reversible contraception. Knowledge of Hormonal contraception (OCP and Injectable contraception) was among 205 women but only accepted by 21(8.4%) women. Though lack of knowledge about various methods of contraception was among 20 (8%) women, the attitude towards the use of contraception was negative as 97 (38.8%) women did not use any method of contraception.
Conclusion: The accurate knowledge about various contraception methods was low. The majority of the participants had moderate awareness and a negative attitude about it. So, there is a need to improve the knowledge and the attitude level of the participants.