Abstract: Background and Method:
This study conducted in the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Sri Ramakrishna Hospital, which is a tertiary care hospital in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu for 6 months, from November 2018 to April 2019 with an aim to find the association between Cerebroplacental ratio and APGAR Scores and birth weight in pregnancy. The study was conducted on women between ages of 18 and 45 years with low risk pregnancies who present for obstetrical ultrasound at 36 weeks of gestation or later over a period of 6 months. 60 women were chosen using convenience sampling strategy based on the above mentioned inclusion and exclusion criteria. Those who consented were included in the study.
Result: The mean age of subjects in this study was 27.28 ± 04.47 years with a range from 19 years to 37 years. Maximum no. 27 (45%) of the subjects belonged to the age group of 26-30 years and minimum no. 3 (5%) of the subjects belonged to the age group of 36-40 years age group. In our study, 28 (46.67%) of the subjects had normal cerebroplacental ratio as compared to 32 (53.33%) of study subjects with abnormal cerebroplacental ratio. It was found that 16 (26.67%) of study subjects gave birth to low birth weight baby, while 44 (73.33%) had normal birth weight baby. It was found that 16 (26.67%) of study subjects gave birth to low birth weight baby, while 44 (73.33%) had normal birth weight baby.
Conclusion: In the present study, no association was found between birth weight and cerebroplacental ratio. No association was found between cerebroplacental ratio and APGAR score at 1 minute. This study being a descriptive observational study has its own limitations pertaining to the nature of the study.