International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology
2021, Vol. 5, Issue 4, Part B
A prospective clinical study of ectopic pregnancy at a tertiary care hospital, Shillong, Meghalaya
Author(s): Dr. Neha Choubey, Dr. Indrani Roy and Dr. Neelotparna Saikia
Abstract: Background: Ectopic pregnancy is one of the commonest cause of acute abdominal emergencies in obstetric practise with a case fatality rate of 1-3 % in developing countries. Therefore, it is imperative to diagnose the unruptured ectopic pregnancy to prevent morbidity and mortality Materials and Methodology: This was a prospective observational study of 1 year with the sample size of 44 cases out of 976 newly diagnosed first trimester pregnancies. Results: The incidence was found to be 4.5 % with the majority of a cases belonging to the age group of 31-34 years and lower socioeconomic class. Clinical presentation was mostly between gestational age 4-8 weeks with 70.5% being multigravida. Out of all risk factors, history of previous abortion was found to be most common. Most common presentation of the cases was pain abdomen. Out of all 79.5% cases were ruptured and 20.5% were unruptured. Ampullary region was the commonest site and majority of the cases were managed laparoscopically. Conclusions: Ectopic pregnancy is still major challenge because of its bizarre clinical presentation. Early diagnosis and timely intervention are the key factor for prevention of mortality and morbidity. Therefore, strong suspicion and multidisciplinary approach with blood transfusion facilities and early tertiary care referral will go a long way to prevent morbidity and mortality.
Dr. Neha Choubey, Dr. Indrani Roy, Dr. Neelotparna Saikia. A prospective clinical study of ectopic pregnancy at a tertiary care hospital, Shillong, Meghalaya. Int J Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2021;5(4):70-74. DOI: 10.33545/gynae.2021.v5.i4b.966