Aim: To know prevalence of thyroid disorder in pregnancy and pregnancy outcome was done.
Methods: Pregnant cases from Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology were enrolled in the study during July 2019-January 2020. Detailed history and physical examination was done. Thyroid Function test (FT3, FT4, TSH and Anti-TPO) were performed after the confirmation of pregnancy. Patients were followed up during entire pregnancy. Thirty seven patients dropped out from the study.
Results: In this study, prevalence of thyroid disorder was approximately 27%. Subclinical hypothyroidism was more prevalent and hidden, leading to the poor obstetrical outcome and fetal complications. Rate of miscarriage was high in overt hypothyroid patients.
Conclusion: Due to the immense impact that the maternal thyroid disorder has on maternal and fetal outcome, prompt identification of thyroid disorders and timely initiation of treatment is essential. Thus, universal screening of pregnant women for thyroid disorder should be considered especially in a country like India where there is a high prevalence of undiagnosed thyroid disorder.