Out of 100 pregnancies, approximately 15 to 25 women have vaginal bleeding in first trimester. This vaginal bleeding usually occurs 1 to 2 weeks after fertilisation during implantation of fertilized egg in uterus lining.
Aim: The present study evaluated the maternal and perinatal outcomes in women with first trimester vaginal bleeding.
Materials and Methods: The present study is a cross sectional study which was conducted between February 2017 to March 2019. 50 pregnant women with vaginal bleeding in the first trimester of pregnancy were admitted in Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics.
Results: Premature labour was found to be highest complication during first trimester vaginal bleeding which was 28%, other complications were premature membrane rupture (8%), placental abruption (14%), intrauterine death (2%), Intrauterine growth retardation (4%) and there were no complication in 14%. Caesarean section (28%) was highest pregnancy outcome in women with first trimester vaginal bleeding. 7 women had abortion.
Conclusion: The present study concluded that predicting factors of mother and infant consequences of pregnancy might be first trimester vaginal bleeding.