Background: Implantation of a fertilised ovum outside the normal uterine cavity is called ectopic pregnancy. The present study was conducted to assess cases of ectopic pregnancy.
Materials & Methods: 58 cases of ectopic pregnancy in age ranged 18- 40 years were subjected to urine pregnancy test and transvaginal ultrasound examination. Parameters such as age, blood group, parity, history of previous ectopic pregnancy, previous abdominal surgery etc. were studied.
Results: Common risk factors for ectopic pregnancy was ART in 7%, spontaneous abortion in 10%, previous abdominal surgery in 46%, infertility in 12%, previous ectopic pregnancy in 8%, dilatation and curettage in 7% and TB in 10% cases. Common clinical features were bleeding pv in 24%, vomiting in 14%, syncope in 6%, amenorrhea in 75%, pain abdomen in 84%, fever in 15% and passage of clots in 23%. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Common risk factors for ectopic pregnancy was ART, spontaneous abortion, previous abdominal surgery, infertility and previous ectopic pregnancy.