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International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology

International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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Print ISSN: 2522-6614, Online ISSN: 2522-6622

International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology

2021, Vol. 5, Issue 6, Part B

Assessment of effectiveness of sublingual and vaginal misoprostol for second-trimester abortion
Author(s): Dr. Swati Sharma
Abstract:
Background: Second-trimester abortion is an important component of women’s health care, and women seek termination later in pregnancy for a variety of medical and social reasons. The present study was conducted to assess effectiveness of sublingual and vaginal misoprostol for second-trimester abortion.
Materials & Methods: 92 second-trimester medical termination of pregnancy cases were divided into two groups equally: group I was given a starting dose of 400 mcg of misoprostol sublingual, and group II (n = 120) was given 400 mcg of misoprostol vaginally and a dose of 400 mcg repeated at 4-h interval in 24 hours.
Results: The mean gestational age in group I was 16.5 weeks and in group II was 16.4 weeks. Maternal age was 24.3 years and 24.1 years, BMI was 24.1 Kg/m2 and 24.4, parity was 0 in 24 and 26, 1 in 10 and 8, 2 in 8 and 7 and >2 in 4 and 5 in group I and II respectively. The difference was non- significant (P> 0.05). The success rate was seen in 38 in group I and 35 in group II. Side effects was fever and chills seen in 23 in group I and 22 in group II, nausea/vomiting in 18 in group I and 17 in group II, pain abdomen 9 in group I and 10 in group II and vaginal bleeding 5 each. The difference was non- significant (P> 0.05).
Conclusion: Authors found that sublingual route is a better option in second-trimester abortion.
Pages: 123-125 | 77 Views | 44 Downloads
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How to cite this article:
Dr. Swati Sharma. Assessment of effectiveness of sublingual and vaginal misoprostol for second-trimester abortion. Int J Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2021;5(6):123-125. DOI: 10.33545/gynae.2021.v5.i6b.1142
International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology