Abstract: Background and Objective:
The goal of this research is to better understand the link between maternal obesity and risk for problems during pregnancy. To learn how prenatal body mass index correlates with labor outcomes. The goal of this study is to examine how prenatal BMI affects the health of the newborn.
Method: This prospective observational study was performed by Department of OBG, Surabhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Siddipet, Telangana, India, between January 2021 to October 2021 on a total of 200 pregnant women with singleton, healthy pregnancies who were booked at PSG Hospital within the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.
Result: In this study, participants' ages ranged from 18 to 40. The study's participants had an average age of 25. In the sample population, there were 46.2% multiparas and 53.8% nulliparas. Nine percent of the participants were preterm, whereas ninety-two percent were full-term patients. One-seventh of the subjects gained 0–7 kg in weight. 53 percent of the pregnant participants in the research acquired 8 to 13 kg or more in weight. More than 25% of the women put on more than 13 kg.
Conclusion: The negative effects of obesity during pregnancy may be measured thanks to this research. This study's significance lies in the fact that it is among the few to examine the possibility of a variety of pregnancy outcomes in a patient with both extremely high and extremely low BMI. The Indian context allowed us to study the relationships between BMI and maternal weight gain during pregnancy, where we identified some significant findings.