Abstract: Background and objectives:
To back up the need for routine prenatal thyroid screening. To count the number of people who suffer from undetected thyroid diseases. Study the outcomes for people with thyroid disorders who receive adequate and inadequate treatment.
Method: From January 2021 to November 2021, during the first antenatal visit, 350 pregnant patients with singleton gestation participated in the study at Department of OBG, Dr Patnam Mahender Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Chevella, Telangana, India. All participants in the study provided their written consent. Patients with known hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism were simultaneously excluded from the analysis.
Result: 15.7% of people have thyroid problems. The 95% confidence interval (CI) indicates that the incidence may range from 13.21% to 16.79%. We may also say that 1 out of every 7 women who were examined had abnormal thyroid dysfunction.
Conclusion: This study may lead us to draw the conclusion that routine thyroid screening, which misses many individuals, is considerably preferable to targeted case discovery. Individuals with an abnormal thyroid profile had problems more frequently than participants with a normal thyroid profile. Hence, I n a nation where thyroid cancer is prevalent, widespread screening ought to be promoted.