Abnormal uterine bleeding from the vagina that usually occurs when ovary do not release egg and if it occurred during fertile years leads to various complication like anemia, Infertility etc. and among all causes one of the most common cause of abnormal uterine bleeding is disturbance in level of Thyroid hormones.
Methods: 100 female Patients of age group between 20-45 having complain of Abnormal uterine bleeding visited at Gynec OPD of our institute were included in this study. fasting blood samples was taken from all participants and samples were analyzed for Thyroid function test (TSH, T3, T4) at central laboratory of our hospital. Obtained data was analyzed statistically by using prizam software.
Results: The bleeding abnormality that is found most of the women is polymenorrhagia and menorrhagia.32% of patients who were studied, had thyroid dysfunction, of which 18% of patients had subclinical hypothyroidism, 11% of patients had hypothyroidism and only 3% of patients had hyperthyroidism.
Conclusions: Our study concludes that thyroid dysfunction should be considered as an important etiological factor for menstrual abnormality especially during fertile years.