Background: Cervical erosion is one of the most common gynaecological problems found in approximately 15% of women attending outpatient department. Cervical erosion is the replacement of nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium of porto vaginalis by columnar epithelium of endocervix. Though it is not fatal, yet the long-term association with the disease and the number of symptoms both related to genitourinary symptoms as well psychological imbalance in the patient needs attention.
Aims and Objectives: To study and compare the efficacy & safety of Cryotherapy versus Silver Nitrate therapy for management of cervical erosion. To study if any side effects or complications arise while on treatment
Material and Methods: Prospective observational study conducted at a tertiary care institute.68 women with benign cervical erosion were considered for enrolment and were randomly assigned for silver nitrate cauterization and cryotherapy. 33 patients were recruited in silver nitrate cauterization group and 35 patients in cryotherapy group in study from January 2019 to September 2020. Their findings and investigations (CBC, VDRL and HIV) were noted. After they underwent cauterization, they were followed up after 1st week, 2nd week, 1 month and then after 2 months and maximum 4 sittings in each group if required. Findings, complications, and level of satisfaction were noted down
Conclusion: Cryotherapy and silver nitrate cauterization is equally effective in treating cervical erosion.