Background: Collection and storage of an infant’s cord blood at birth is an option available to many new parents. Antenatal health care providers have an important role in providing non-biased and evidence based information to expectant parents about cord blood and tissue banking options. Cord blood collection and stem cell research are the most important and controversial topics of science and technology today. Nurses need to understand stem cell research so they can enter the debate on this issue.
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on maternity nurses’ knowledge regarding cord blood collection and stem cells.
Methodology: This educational intervention study was conducted at SVS Hospital, Mahabubnagar, Telangana, India between January 2022 to June 2022. This study was conducted at two settings; labour unit in Obstetrics Department. All nurses working in the above mentioned settings at the time of the data collection were included in the study. Total number was 50 staff nurses were included in this study. Nurses were interviewed for 30-40 minutes and assessed before educational sessions. The duration of each session lasted from half an hour to one hour including periods of discussion according to their achievement, progress and feedback. Different methods of teaching were used such as modified lecture, group discussion and brainstorming. Immediately and after three months of implementation of the educational intervention, the follow up test for nurses’ knowledge and attitude were done by the same format of the pretest to evaluate the effect of the implemented educational intervention.
Results: Out of 50 participants, it was found that nearly half of nurses (48%) were aged from 20-25 years, with a mean of age 24.86±6.82 years. As far as nurses’ qualification, more than half of them (52%) had diploma. Regarding experience years at delivery room, about two thirds of nurses (62%), their experience ranged from 5-10 years, with a mean of 6.04±3.63 years. Only 6% of nurses were attended training courses about cord blood collection and stem cells. 86% of nurses had poor knowledge before intervention. However, 92% and 86% of them had good knowledge immediately and after three months of intervention respectively.
Conclusion: From this study, it can be concluded that there was a statistically significant improvement in nurses’ knowledge mean scores, immediately, and three months after intervention, as well as there was a statistically significant difference in nurses’ attitude scores before, immediately, and three months after intervention.