Vaginal discharge is the most frequent complaint among women of child bearing age that requires care and hygiene. Pathological vaginal discharge leads to multiple complications in both mother and fetus.
Aims and Objectives: Purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of vaginal discharge, pattern, common infectious causes, risk factors associated with pathological discharge and its complications.
Materials and Methods: A prospective study was done from November 2021 to April 2022 in Department of Obstetrics and gynaecology at Sawai Man Singh hospital, Jaipur Rajasthan. This study included pregnant women with vaginal discharge.
Result: A total of 300 women attending antenatal clinic with vaginal discharge were studied. Out of 300 vaginal discharge patients there were 174(58%) primigravida and 126(42%) were multigravida. Out of 300 women 90(30%) women were symptomatic and 210(70%) asymptomatic. Out of 90 (30%) symptomatic patients 54(60%) have Vaginal Candidiasis, 27(30%) have Bacterial Vaginosis and 9(10%) have Trichomoniasis. Out of 90 (30%) symptomatic patients there were 24(26.7%) developed threatened preterm, 15(16.7%) premature rapture of membrane (PROM), 5(5.5%) Preterm delivery.
Conclusion: In pregnant women pathological vaginal discharge is found to be more common in younger age group and in primigravida. Pathological vaginal discharge is associated with threatened preterm, PROM and prematurity. Our study concludes for timely detection, management and prevention of complications and advise on good hygiene habits.